We all share a vision of a world where people and the planet thrive. As such, and following a growing public pressure, the European Commission launched a Green Deal that delineates a roadmap for radical change to the way our economies function. This transformation demands technology advances, much of which is underpinned by a new set of materials ultimately sourced from natural resources. Of course, developing an ongoing sustainable circular economy is the consequent goal, but recycling cannot currently cover the specific urgent demands of energy transition and green growth. It follows that there needs to be a careful strategy of sourcing our demand whilst minimising the environmental footprint, satisfying social governance concerns and delivering the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The challenge includes competition for land and ocean floor use for mineral extraction and other human activities while protecting the ecosystem. A sustainable solution can only be achieved through dialogue. All the stakeholders must engage to define a framework for acceptable raw materials extraction. The EU H2020 projects INFACT & PACIFIC together with the Natural History Museum is organising an event for December 3-4th 2020, where representatives from civil society, industry and research will discuss some of these challenges and interact with the public.